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Continuous passive disinfection of catheter hubs prevents contamination and bloodstream infection

Content:
Wright M, Tropp J, Schora D, et al. Continuous passive disinfection of catheter hubs prevents contamination and bloodstream infection. Am J Infect Control. 2012;pii: S0196-6553(12):01023-01021. Abstract BACKGROUND: Catheter hub decontamination requires a thorough scrub and compliance varies. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a disinfection cap with 70% alcohol in preventing contamination/infection. METHODS: A 3-phased, multifacility, quasi-experimental study of adult patients with central lines divided into P1 (baseline), when the standard scrub was used; P2, when the cap was used on all central lines; and P3, when standard disinfection was reinstituted. House-wide central-line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates are reported with catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) as a control measure. Adults with peripherally inserted central catheters inserted during hospitalization having 5+ consecutive line-days gave consent and were enrolled, and 1.5 mL of blood was withdrawn from each lumen not in use and quantitatively cultured. RESULTS: Contamination was 12.7% (32/252) during P1; 5.5% (20/364) in P2 (P = .002), and 12.0% (22/183; P = 0.88 vs P1 and P = .01 vs P2) in P3 (P = .001 vs P2). The median colony-forming units per milliliter was 4 for P1, 1 for P2 (P = .009), and 2 for P3 (P = .05 vs P2). CLABSI rates declined from 1.43 per 1,000 line-days (16/11,154) to 0.69 (13/18,972) in P2 (P = .04) and increased to 1.31 (7/5,354) in P3. CAUTI rates remained stable between P1 and P2 (1.42 and 1.41, respectively, P = .90) but declined in P3 (1.04, P = .03 vs P1 and P2). CONCLUSION: Disinfecting caps reduce line contamination, organism density, and CLABSIs. Link to reference https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23084024

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